Other Mandatory Spending

Other Major Mandatory Spending Programs

FY 2018
Outlays
Federal Civilian Retirement (including annuitants’ health care) $102 billion
Veterans Benefits  $100 billion
Compensation, Pensions, and Life Insurance  ($83 billion)Other (primarily education subsidies) ($17 billion)
Note: Veterans Health Care is not an entitlement; funding levels are appropriated annually in the Mil.Con.-VA bill.
Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) and Child Tax Credit $87 billion
Note:  Although these are “tax credits,” this amount — $87 billion — is considered “spending” because taxpayers are receiving “refunds” larger than their tax liabilities.  These are also known as “refundable tax credits.”
Food Stamps (now known as “SNAP”)  $69 billion
Highway and Public Transit Programs  $55 billion
Federal funding for Highways and Public Transit is a budgetary oddity since the spending authority is considered to be “mandatory spending” because it is provided in multiyear highway authorizing legislation; however, the outlays are considered to be “discretionary” since they are controlled by the Appropriations Committee.
Military Retirement $54 billion
Affordable Care Act (ACA) Subsidies   ACA Background $54 billion
Supplemental Security Income (SSI)   $51 billion
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), Child Support Enforcement, Child Care Entitlement $32 billion
Unemployment Compensation  $30 billion
Child Nutrition $24 billion
Agriculture Programs $17 billion
Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP)  $16 billion