Disabilities Programs

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Benefits for Children (and Adults) with Disabilities

  • Supplemental Security Income (SSI):  SSI makes monthly payments to people with low income and limited resources who are 65 or older, or blind, or disabled. Your child, if younger than age 18, can qualify if he or she has a physical or mental condition that meets Social Security’s definition of disability for children, and if his or her income and resources fall within the eligibility limits. Even if your child wasn’t eligible for SSI before his or her 18th birthday because you and your spouse had too much income or too many resources, he or she may become eligible for SSI at age 18.
  • Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) for adults disabled since childhood: The SSDI program pays benefits to adults who have a disability that began before they became 22-years-old.  This is referred to as a “child’s” benefit because it’s paid on a parent’s Social Security earnings record.  For a disabled adult to become entitled to this “child” benefit, one of his or her parents must be receiving Social Security retirement or disability benefits; or must have died and have worked enough to qualify for Social Security.  SSDI disabled adult “child” benefits continue as long as the individual remains disabled. Your child doesn’t need to have worked to get these benefits.
  • Children’s Health Insurance Program: The Children’s Health Insurance Program enables states to provide health insurance to children from working families with incomes too high to qualify for Medicaid, but too low to afford private health insurance.
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Social Security Disability Benefits

Supplemental Security Income

SNAP (formerly Food Stamps)

TANF and People with Disabilities

Individuals with Disabilities Education Act

Employment for People with Disabilities

Legal Services Corporation

International Issues, Agreements, and Developments