Government Shutdown

Government Shutdown

The Anti-Deficiency Act (enacted in 1870 as part of the legislative appropriations bill), 31 U.S.C. 1341-42; 1511-1519, provides that no department or government official can make payments, or obligate the U.S. government by contract, in excess of congressional appropriations (with criminal penalties for violations).  The Act enforces Congress’ constitutional authority over the public purse and triggers government shutdowns when appropriations lapse. The longest shutdown was 21 days in FY 1996 and, more recently, there was a 16-day shutdown in FY 2014.

Click here for Status of Appropriations for FY 2017

Background and Resources: